This gemstone was born from the stars and French scientist, Henri Moissan was the first one to discover it. He saw microscopic particles of the gem in Arizona, in a crater created by a meteorite that fell to Earth, and the diamond-like stone was named after his second name.
Moissanite is considered to be the best diamond imitation that exists as these are almost as hard as real diamonds, their hardness measures 9.5 on the Mohs scale, while diamond's hardness is 10 so it is quite close. These can be created in labs, so they usually do not have internal flaws and are white. What gives away their non-diamond origin is the sparkle. Moissanites have very colorful scintillation.
These are exclusively created in labs. They were first discovered by Stackelberg and K. Chudoba in the form of microscopic grains included in metamict zircon.
Cubic zirconia is a colorless, synthetic fake diamond that is made of the cubic crystalline form of zirconium dioxide. The reason for its increased popularity is that it is inexpensive and costs only a little amount compared to that of a real diamond. Since the hardness is 8.5, it is not among the hardest imitations of a diamond. It is also prone to scratches and hence loses its original brilliance.
Price: From $90 to $450
Natural white sapphires are incredibly rare. Most natural sapphires are found in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and the western parts of the United States, and Africa. These are also created in laboratories.
There are two types of white sapphire used in jewelry, one being the natural sapphires, and the other variety is created in labs. It's a natural gemstone and the second hardest material in the world. The first thing anyone will notice while comparing a white sapphire with a real diamond is the difference in brilliance and the incredible sparkle. These white sapphires tend to appear somewhat cloudy and milky inside and fail to compete in shine with the natural ones.
Price: Approximately $30 to $45
This is found in igneous rocks worldwide, especially in granites. It is also seen as alluvial material. These are found in all the continents in some form or the other.
Zircon is a magnificent, natural, and quite underrated that has been worn and treasured for a long time. Though you might get confused by the name, it's not the same as cubic zirconia. The high refractive index and dispersion seem to make it the "natural choice" as an alternative for a diamond. Accurately cut, colorless zircons make very convincing diamond imitations and even outshine mediocre diamonds in some cases.
Price: $20 or more per carat
It occurs as inclusions in other minerals and as a high-temperature mineral, in gneiss, schist, and alpine-type veins. These are found in igneous rocks, crystalline limestones, metamorphosed rocks, and as detrimental grains.
The most distinctive feature of Rutile is its extremely high dispersion that is 6 times greater than a real diamond. When light yellowish rutiles are exposed to heat, they can turn blue.
Price: $3,000 to $5,000 a carat
Spinel occurs with octahedral crystals ruby and sapphire. These also occur as grainy and rounded, waterworn pebbles. The deposits have been found in Cambodia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.
Spinel is most famous for its deep red variety that closely resembles Ruby. These two gemstones look quite similar, and distinguishing them becomes difficult at times. A new habit seen sometimes in Spinel is the macle, a triangular form of two flattened crystal twins.
Price: $ 500 to $2000
Synthetic Garnets are created by a scientific method called Flame Fusion in the labs. They are created and formulated in such a way that they look like Natural gemstones that occur in rocks and possess the same chemical properties.
Garnets are most commonly associated with the red color. However, these can be found in almost any color and are popular choices for jewelry. It is available in six types, namely almandine, pyrope, spessartite, grossular, andradite, and uvarovite.
Price: Between $10 and $30 per carat
Some of the best white topaz deposits are found in Brazil, Afghanistan, Australia, Japan, Madagascar, Myanmar (Burma), China, Germany, Mexico, Namibia, Sri Lanka, Ukraine, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Zimbabwe, and the USA.
This is a rare gemstone. As the name suggests, it is colorless and can be heated, irradiated, and coated with thin layers of metallic oxides to change its color. When allowed to grow in an open cavity, it forms orthorhombic crystals, which means they can reflect different colors from different angles.
How are fake diamonds made?
Real diamonds form deep within the Earth's crust during several geological processes that take billions of years, also known as human-made diamonds can be synthesized in a laboratory and have the same appearance as those of real ones.
The secret to producing a diamond substitute was unlocked in the 1950s by four scientists working for the Research Laboratory at General Electric. When four scientists in the 1950s were working at a research lab, they guessed that another potent carbon compound called graphite possessing the same qualities could potentially be a key to reproducing a synthetic version of this precious gem. They already knew that natural diamonds are formed as a result of exposure of carbon to high pressures and temperatures.
They used a device called a belt press, which weakens the cylinder of graphite that contains within it and then heated and squeezed the graphite at extremely high-level pressures, and hence the stones that look like diamonds were first formed in 1954.
Some of these imitation diamonds do not make up the jewelry. These are used in several industries as cutting and polishing objects due to their properties.
Some Crazy facts
- Fake diamonds have a lot of uses apart from being used for making jewelry. These are used in several industries as cutting and polishing tools because they are one of the hardest materials available on Earth.
- White sapphires are extremely rare and are completely untouched by trace elements. These are the first alternative to diamonds for engagement rings as they cost only a fraction amount of real diamonds and are very durable.
- Synthetic Garnet is also worn because it possesses unique qualities to fulfill a wide range of energetic needs right from improving one's health to protection from negativity. It is also used for manifestation purposes because of its dynamic properties and worn as a lucky charm.
- White topaz is said to soothe, heal, motivate, and bring strength, loyalty, beauty, protection, wisdom, enlightenment, and love to the wearer. Topaz is also famous as the "lover of gold," as it is believed to bring wealth and money.
- Rutile might be the only gem whose artificially produced by the flame-fusion superior to natural crystals.
- A cubic zirconia stone is about 75% heavier than a real diamond of equal size. It is so appealing in appearance that a well-known brand such as Swarovski uses it in their expensive crystal-made items.
Fake diamonds roughly inherit the same qualities as the real diamonds; they serve a higher purpose as these are cheaper than those real precious gems and can easily be worn by a not so wealthy class of people. Also, the difference majorly lies in the human's psyche regarding the real diamonds and the fake ones; otherwise, they are almost the same.